Public Corruption and the Curse of Oil

Lessons from Developing Countries


Afra is a Professional Fellow of the RICS and the Managing Director of Raymond and Pierre Limited (


He also contributes to the press and broadcast media in Trinidad & Tobago and the Caribbean. His special areas of interest include Real Estate, Property Development, Land-Use Planning, Property Taxation, 

Property Financing and the 2009 bailout of the CL Financial group.

His work can be found online at

Afra is past-President of the Institute of Surveyors of Trinidad and Tobago (2009-2010) and Immediate past-President of the Joint Consultative Council for the Construction Industry (JCC), having served betweenDecember2010andNovember2015.


Professor Kennedy Mkutu is an Associate Professor in International Relations, Peace and Security at USIU-Africa in Nairobi. He is the author of Guns and Governance: Pastoralist Conflict and Small Arms in North Rift, NortheastAfrica, (James Currey, Oxford).

He has continued to work in the North Rift exploring issues of conflict, gendered impacts of conflict, state security and peace building. More recently he has explored the impact of new oil discoveries in pastoral areas and the security implications of devolution in Kenya.

For the last 6 years he has been the manager of the Crime and Violence Prevention Training, a collaboration between Kenya 

School of Government and USIU-Africa, funded by the Open Society Initiative, East Africa. He is among the architects of the 'African Potentials' project with the African and Asian Area Studies Department, Kyoto University, Japan. Collaboration between Japanese and African scholars exploring African old and new initiatives in solving conflicts/encouraging negotiation and peace.

In 2015, he was a visiting Professor in Peace and Security at Kyoto University. He is currently a Senior Consultant in Conflict Sensitivity with the World Bank. Previously he was a Senior Lecturer in Public Administration in Mzumbe University-Dar es Salaam, and Senior Lecturer in Public

Administration and Public Policy at Kenya School of Government, Nairobi (formerly Kenya Institute of Administration). He has worked as a consultant for Centre for Human Rights and Policy Studies (CHRlPS), Open Society, Pax for Peace (Pax Christi), Small Arms Survey, Danish Demining Group, DANIDA, Netherlands Development Agency (SNV), AMREF, Saferworld, ITDG, IRG and African Peace Forum, and lectured in MS Training Centre-Arusha.

His papers have been published in The Round Table: a quarterly review of the politics of the British Empire, African Studies Review, Review of African Political Economy (ROAPE), Nomadic Peoples, African Affairs, and Crime, Law and Social Change.


Dr Perry Stanislas is an international expert in policing and security issues specialising in complex organisational and service delivery matters. His specific areas of expertise include: organisational development and transformation, anti-corruption work, strategic planning and leadership development, carrying out systems reviews, and research. Perry is a highly-regarded trainer and consultant and has worked in numerous countries around the world to include: the US, Nigeria, Gambia, Kenya, Dubai and numerous Caribbean countries.

He has given presentations at the UN on the policing challenges of Caribbean countries, and for the International Association of Police Chiefs in San Diego. Dr Stanislas is a member of the International Police Executive Symposium, and the Association of Caribbean Criminal Justice Professionals (ACCJP). He is also an honorary member of the Caribbean Institute of Forensic Accountants and was a keynote speaker at 

the first Caribbean Law Enforcement Conference, sponsored by the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service in 2014.

Dr. Stanislas was the Senior Policy Advisor for Bedfordshire Police for strategic development and organisational performance for over a decade, and the first person in the country employed in this capacity by a British police service. His primary role was supporting the Chief Constable and his senior command team to develop effective strategies. Dr. Stanislas's success in this role led to Her Majesties Inspectorate of the Constabulary (Home Office) nominating him to become an instructor at the prestigious Bramshill Police Staff College, where he taught on the Senior Command and Commonwealth Senior Command Course for chief officers.

Dr. Stanislas currently is the leader of the Contemporary Issues in Police and Security Leadership and Management Programme 

run by De Montfort University's Community and Criminal Justice Department in the UK.

He has written numerous publications which include his most recent book Public Corruption, Regional and National Perspectives on Procurement Fraud co-authored with Professor Petter Gottschalk (Norway) published by Taylor Francis. He also wrote the bestselling International Perspectives on Police Education and Training. This text has recently been translated in Turkish due to the Raoul Wallenberg Institute (Sweden), who is leading police and criminal justice reform in Turkey. Dr. Stanislas' book is a core text in the training of the Turkish police and criminal justice professionals.


As a geoscientist and former Minister for Energy and Energy Industries in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (2002-2006), Mr. Eric Williams has over 30 years experience in the petroleum and minerals exploration industries.

He is a critical thinker who is passionate about how countries can use 
their natural resources as a growth catalyst for increased shareholder value and nationwide sustainable development. He now heads Royal Triangle Energy Solutions Limited (RTESL) as its Principal Consultant and President, advising governments and companies on a range of strategies for projects that span the full value chain of natural resource development.


Stephen Baker is an English barrister and Jersey advocate. He is senior partner at Baker & Partners. He specialises in asset recovery actions, particularly those involving political corruption and the unravelling of offshore structures
He is frequently instructed by foreign governments in asset recovery actions. In recent years he has acted for the government of Brazil, the National Accountability Bureau of Pakistan, and the Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission (KACC). For the National Accountability Bureau, he acted in a series of matters including Bhutto and Zardari. 

For KACC, he acted in several cases, one of 

which has resulted in an extradition request from Jersey to Kenya and significant recovery of assets.

He is an expert in the interaction between the civil and criminal law in fraud cases. He successfully acted for Brazil in its first substantial asset recovery action outside of the territory seeking the recovery of assets held through a Jersey unit trust, allegedly to the benefit of a senior Brazilian politician (Federal Republic of Brazil v Durant International Corporation &Ors [2012] JRC211).

He is regularly instructed by the Attorney General of Jersey in the most complex criminal cases. Educated at Manchester and Cambridge universities, he has a first class 

Master's Degree in Law. He is a member of the Association of Contentious Trusts and Probate Specialists (ACTAPS) and in 2016 was named the ACTAPS Offshore Contentious Trusts Practitioner of the Year.

He is the Jersey representative of FraudNet, the fraud prevention network of the ICC Commercial Crime Services. Stephen also sits on the board of the Jersey Institute of Law.
In February 2017 Stephen was recognised by the International Bar Association (IBA), and has been appointed Senior Vice Chair of its Asset Recovery Subcommittee.